JJIF ANTI-DOPING RULES
The JJIF Anti-Doping Rules are based on the World Anti-Doping Code and have been adapted to the sport of Ju-Jitsu.
WADA CODE AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
The World Anti-Doping Code is the core document that provides the framework for harmonised anti-doping policies, rules and regulations within sport organisations and among public authorities. It works in conjunction with 5 International Standards.
- The 2021 WADA Anti-Doping Code
- The International Standard for Testing and Investigations (ISTI)
- International Standard for Laboratories (ISL)
- The International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemption (ISTUE) [EN] [FR]
- The International Standard for Protection of Privacy and Personal Information (ISPPPI)
The Prohibited List identifies substances and methods prohibited in-competition, at all times (i.e. in-and-out-of-competition) and in particular sports.
Substances and methods are classified by categories (e.g. steroids, stimulants, masking agents).
The list is updated annually and goes into effect January 1 of each year.
The 2019 Prohibited List [EN]
The 2020 Prohibited List [EN] [FR] [ES] [DE] [PR] [AR]
The 2021 Prohibited List [all documents on WADA page]
WHAT DOES THAT MEAN FOR AN ATHLETE?
Each athlete is responsible – strictly liable – for anything found in his/her body, regardless of how it got there or whether there was any intention to cheat.
If you are charged with having committed an Anti-Doping Rule Violation, it is not necessary to prove intent, fault, negligence or knowing use on your part. For example, the following are not valid defences: that the prohibited substance was not listed on the label or that your coach gave you a substance.
WHAT YOU, AS AN ATHLETE, SHOULD DO?
- Be aware of the annual changes to the Prohibited List;
- If you are using supplements, do your research to check if they contain prohibited substances;
- Before taking any medication, make sure to check with your prescribing physician that it does not contain a prohibited substance;
- Check that the medication does not contain any substances that would fall within a general category that is prohibited. An online database that can be used is GlobalDRO
- Inform your doctors and your medical personnel that you need to abide by the Anti-Doping Rules. If you use Prohibited Substances for therapeutic ends, make sue you obtain a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) at the relevant time.
Global DRO – Check your Medication!
The Global Drug Reference Online (Global DRO) provides athletes and support personnel with information about the prohibited status of specific medications based on the current World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List.
Global DRO does not contain information on, or that applies to, any dietary supplements.
Extreme caution is recommended regarding supplement use, including those claiming to be ‘safe for athletes to take’!
Athletes must be fully aware of the risks to their career when using a supplement product for they are solely responsible for any prohibited substances they use, attempt to use or is found in their system regardless of how it got there and if there was an intention to cheat.
What Athletes should know:
- There are no guarantees that any supplement product does not contain prohibited substances.
- Neither WADA nor the IF is involved in any supplement certification process and therefore do not certify or endorse manufacturers or their products. WADA and the IF do not control the quality or the claims of the supplements industry.
- A number of positive tests have been attributed to the misuse of supplements, poor labelling or contamination of dietary supplements.
- The use of dietary supplements by athletes is a concern because in many countries the manufacturing and labelling of supplements may not follow strict rules, which may lead to a supplement containing an undeclared substance that is prohibited under Anti-Doping regulations.
- Taking a poorly labelled dietary supplement is not an adequate defence in a doping hearing.
- Athletes must carry out thorough internet research before using any supplement. Not knowing is not an excuse! If they test positive, they will have to prove how the prohibited substance entered their system.
- The JJIF Anti-Doping Rules makes provision for contaminated products. Athlete should ensure that they can prove that they have taken all steps to manage the risks associated with the use of supplement.
WADA’S Q&A ON SUPPLEMENTS:
Q: ARE SUPPLEMENTS SAFE TO TAKE?
Extreme caution is recommended regarding supplement use.
The use of dietary supplements by athletes is a serious concern because in many countries the manufacturing and labeling of supplements do not follow strict rules, which may lead to a supplement containing an undeclared substance that is prohibited under anti-doping regulations. A significant number of positive tests have been attributed to the misuse of supplements and attributing an Adverse Analytical Finding to a poorly labeled dietary supplement is not an adequate defense in a doping hearing.
The risks of taking supplements should be weighed against the potential benefit that may be obtained, and athletes must appreciate the negative consequences of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation as a result of taking a contaminated supplement.
Use of supplement products that have been subjected to one of the available quality assurance schemes can help to reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of an inadvertent doping infringement.
Q: CAN A DIETARY/NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENT COMPANY HAVE THEIR SUPPLEMENTS TESTED BY WADA?
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is not involved in the testing of dietary/nutritional supplements.
The Laboratory Code of Ethics, in the International Standard for Laboratories (Section 3.3.5 of Annex A), states that WADA-accredited laboratories shall not engage in analyzing commercial material or preparations (e.g. dietary supplements) unless specifically requested by an Anti-Doping Organization as part of a doping case investigation. The Laboratory shall not provide results, documentation or advice that, in any way, suggests endorsement of products or services.
Q: CAN A SUPPLEMENT COMPANY HAVE THEIR PRODUCTS APPROVED BY WADA?
WADA is not involved in any certification process regarding supplements and therefore does not certify or endorse manufacturers or their products. WADA does not control the quality or the claims of the supplements industry which may, from time to time, claim that their products have been approved or certified by WADA.
If a company wishes to promote its products to the sport community, it is their responsibility as a manufacturer to ensure that the products do not lead to any anti-doping rule violation. Some third-party testers of supplements exist, and this may reduce the risk of contamination but not eliminate it.
DOPING & VIOLATIONS
Every athlete has the right to clean sport and everyone has a duty to protect clean sport!
WHAT IS DOPING?
Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the following Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs):
- Presence of a prohibited substance in an athlete’s sample
- Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
- Refusing to submit to sample collection after being notified
- Failure to file athlete whereabouts information and missed tests
- Tampering with any part of the doping control process
- Possession of a prohibited substance or method
- Trafficking a prohibited substance or method
- Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an athlete
- Complicity in an ADRV
- Prohibited association with athlete support personnel who has engaged in doping
WHY IS DOPING IN SPORT PROHIBITED?
- It is fundamentally wrong and is detrimental to the overall spirit of sport.
- Drug misuse can be harmful to an athlete’s health and to other athletes competing in the sport.
- It severely damages the integrity, image and value of sport, whether or not the motivation to use drugs is to improve performance.
CONSEQUENCES OF DOPING
The consequences of an anti-doping rule violation may include the disqualification of results, the imposition of a period of ineligibility, mandatory publication of your violation and, perhaps, financial sanctions.
PERIOD OF INELIGIBILITY
Ineligibility means exactly what it says – you cannot take part in any competition or the activities of an International Federation, its member national federations or their member clubs. This includes training with your club or team or using facilities that are linked with your club or team.
Similarly, you cannot take part in any competitions authorized or organized by any of the other signatories of the Code (such as the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, the National Olympic Committee) or their affiliated entities.
Likewise, you cannot take part in any professional league or any international- or national-level event organization or any elite- or national-level sports activity funded by a governmental organization.
What you should know:
Q: How long is the period of ineligibility?
It may range from a reprimand to a life-time ban.
For Anti-Doping Rule Violations of presence or use of a prohibited substance, the period of ineligibility is generally as follows:
- If you intended to cheat, the period is 4 years;
- Otherwise, it is 2 years – unless you can show that you had no significant fault no negligence, in which case ineligibility may be reduced to a minimum of one year;
- If the violation involves a specified substance or a contaminated product, and you can establish No Significant Fault, ineligibility may range from 2 years to a reprimand, depending on your level of fault.
In case there are multiple Anti-Doping Violations and/or aggravated circumstances, the period of ineligibility may be more than 4 years up to a maximum of a life-time ban.
Q: What range of factors does the period of ineligibility depend upon?
The factors include (but is not limited to): the type of violation, the prohibited substance or method used, the nature of the athlete’s conduct and the athlete’s degree of fault.
Q: Can collaboration and ‘substantial assistance’ make a difference?
Yes. The Code recognizes that this is a special circumstance.
The cooperation of athletes and others who acknowledge their mistakes, and are willing to step forward to bring anti-doping violations to light, is essential to clean sport.
A period of ineligibility may be reduced (by up to half of the otherwise applicable period) if an athlete voluntarily admits doping before the Anti-Doping Organization files notice of a rules violation and, at the time, that admission is the only reliable evidence of the misconduct – that is, he or she comes clean of his or her own volition.
An athlete’s period of ineligibility may also be reduced significantly if he or she provides “substantial assistance” to an Anti-Doping Organization, police or prosecuting authority or professional disciplinary body that results in the Anti-Doping Organization bringing a new case against someone else (or discovering the possibility to do so).
What is “substantial assistance”? It means fully disclosing, in writing, everything you know about doping by any person, including yourself. It also means fully cooperating with the authorities, including testifying at a hearing if that is required.
DISQUALIFICATION OF RESULTS
In an individual sport, an anti-doping rule violation in connection with a competition (for instance, an individual match or race) automatically results in disqualification of the results of that competition.
Generally, results are disqualified retroactively – unless fairness requires otherwise – from the date of the anti-doping rule violation (for instance, the date of collection of the positive sample) until the commencement of any provisional suspension or ineligibility period.
What does Disqualification mean? It means loss of results, medals, points and prize money. Your results in other competitions in the same event – for example, the Olympic Games – may also be disqualified
Financial consequences may be imposed both on the Athlete and the National Federation for doping.
Financial sanctions can never replace or reduce a period of ineligibility.
MANDATORY PUBLIC DISCLOSURE
If you are found to have committed an anti-doping rule violation, that fact will be made public. The idea is that this serves as an important deterrent to doping.
An Anti-Doping Organisation, except in the case of a minor, publish the name of an athlete, the nature of the rules violation and the consequences within 20 days after a final ruling. If the final decision was that there was no violation, the decision may only be disclosed publicly with the consent of the athlete.